Foreign Direct Investment in Industrial Research and Development: A Study of German MNCs

Item Type Journal paper
Abstract

This paper reports on the international research and development (R&D) investments of German multinational corporations (MNCs). Based on a detailed empirical survey of laboratory sites established by 49 German MNCs, we examine (i) the level and pace of R&D internationalization, (ii) the motivations and mandates of overseas R&D laboratories, as well as (iii) the strength of the laboratories' internal and external ties. Participating firms account for about 46% of all German enterprises with international R&D activities and approximately 66% of the nation's privately funded R&D expenditures in 1999. The findings indicate that the timing and organization of German owned overseas R&D investments more closely resemble Japanese or French than US or Swedish firms. Furthermore, in line with prior studies, German MNCs increasingly invest in international R&D for resource as opposed to market-seeking motives. The paper also finds significant differences with regard to the laboratory's mission and its geographical location on one hand, and its internal and external embeddedness, on the other.

Authors Ambos, Björn
Journal or Publication Title Research Policy
Language English
Subjects business studies
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
Refereed Yes
Date 1 May 2005
Publisher Elsevier
Place of Publication Amsterdam
Volume 34
Number 4
Page Range 395-410
Number of Pages 16
ISSN 0048-7333
ISSN-Digital 1873-7625
Publisher DOI 10.1016/j.respol.2005.01.016
Depositing User Anja Schuster
Date Deposited 21 Nov 2012 22:33
Last Modified 12 Nov 2015 14:26
URI: https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/publications/218079

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Citation

Ambos, Björn (2005) Foreign Direct Investment in Industrial Research and Development: A Study of German MNCs. Research Policy, 34 (4). 395-410. ISSN 0048-7333

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https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/id/eprint/218079
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