The Use of International R&D Teams - An Empirical Investigation of Selected Contingency Factors

Item Type Journal paper

Today, many organizations are adopting streamlined, adaptive hierarchies that increasingly employ teams in daily operations. This paper focuses on the use of teams in international R&D networks. Specifically, it investigates the incidence of R&D teams and analyses the influence of four contingency factors on team utilization. The four contingency factors are cultural distance, geographic distance, the research mandate and the market mandate of the local R&D unit. Based on a survey conducted in 2000, we present empirical evidence on 49 leading German MNCs, accounting for 66% of the nations' privately funded R&D in 1999. Our results clearly demonstrate that firms increasingly use international teams as a means of coordinating such projects. The type of work conducted by an international R&D unit has a strong bearing on the utilization of teams. The latter is linked to a mandate of an R&D unit as "capability exploiting" rather than "capability augmenting." Also, R&D units with a "global mandate" are more likely to use international teams as a coordination mechanism. On the other hand, we do not find support for geographical or cultural distance as determining factors for the use of international R&D teams.

Authors Ambos, Björn & Schlegelmilch, Bodo
Journal or Publication Title Journal of World Business ; JWB
Language English
Subjects business studies
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
Refereed Yes
Date 1 February 2004
Publisher JAI Press
Place of Publication Greenwich, Conn.
Volume 39
Number 1
Page Range 37-48
Number of Pages 12
ISSN 1090-9516
ISSN-Digital 1878-5573
Publisher DOI 10.1016/j.jwb.2003.08.004
Depositing User Anja Schuster
Date Deposited 21 Nov 2012 22:55
Last Modified 23 Aug 2016 11:15


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Ambos, Björn & Schlegelmilch, Bodo (2004) The Use of International R&D Teams - An Empirical Investigation of Selected Contingency Factors. Journal of World Business ; JWB, 39 (1). 37-48. ISSN 1090-9516

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