Ownership competence

Item Type Journal paper
Abstract Research summary Ownership is fundamental to firm strategy, organization, and governance. Standard ownership concepts—mainly derived from agency and incomplete contracting theories—focus on its incen-tive effects. However, these concepts and theories neglect ownership’s role as an instrument to match judgment about resource use and governance with the firm’s evolving environment under uncertainty. We develop the concept of ownership competence—the skill with which ownership is used as an instrument to create value—and decompose it into matching competence (what to own), governance competence (how to own), and timing competence (when to own). We describe how property rights of use, appropriation, and transfer relate to the three ownership competences and show how our theory offers a fresh perspective into the role of ownership for value genera-tion. Managerial summary Business owners own with different levels of competence, and differences in ownership compe-tence matter for value creation. We argue that ownership competence consists of competence about what to own (matching competence), competence about how to own (governance compe-tence), and competence about when to own (timing competence). We clarify the role played by each of the three competences for value creation. We also show how the importance of ownership competence for value creation alters depending on ownership concentration, life cycle effects, uncertainty of the environment, and the efficiency of resource markets. With our paper we pre-pare the ground for a fuller understanding of the strategic role of owners for value creation.
Authors Foss, Nicolai; Klein, Peter; Lien, Lasse; Zellweger, Thomas & Zenger, Todd
Journal or Publication Title Strategic Management Journal
Language English
Subjects business studies
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
HSG Profile Area Global Center for Entrepreneurship + Innovation
Refereed Yes
Date 16 July 2020
Publisher Wiley
ISSN 0143-2095
Publisher DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.3222
Depositing User Prof. Dr. Thomas Zellweger
Date Deposited 16 Jul 2020 20:16
Last Modified 20 Jul 2022 17:42
URI: https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/publications/260690


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Foss, Nicolai; Klein, Peter; Lien, Lasse; Zellweger, Thomas & Zenger, Todd (2020) Ownership competence. Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095


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