Cobalt mining and the corporate outsourcing of responsibility in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Item Type Journal paper
Abstract

The consumption of cobalt has tripled globally over the last decade, largely driven by rising demand for electronics and electric-battery vehicles. This fast-growing market has pressured multinational mining companies operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the world's largest supplier of cobalt, to formalize artisanal mining under the banner of responsible sourcing. Based on field research in the cobalt-rich Province of Lualaba, survey data and interviews with relevant actors, this article examines the integration of artisanal miners in corporate-led formalization projects. First, we suggest that the reliance on wageless artisanal workers in large-scale industrial operations holds important lessons for understanding the unintended effects of mining formalization. Second, the flexible recruitment of artisanal workers by mining companies represents an emergent trend of corporate outsourcing of responsibility.

Authors Calvão, Filipe; McDonald, Catherine & Bolay, Matthieu
Journal or Publication Title The Extractive Industries and Society
Language English
Subjects social sciences
other research area
HSG Classification contribution to practical use / society
Refereed Yes
Date 17 February 2021
Publisher Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2021.02.004
Official URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Depositing User Catherine McDonald
Date Deposited 26 Feb 2021 09:35
Last Modified 26 Feb 2021 09:35
URI: https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/publications/262467

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Calvão, Filipe; McDonald, Catherine & Bolay, Matthieu (2021) Cobalt mining and the corporate outsourcing of responsibility in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Extractive Industries and Society,

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https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/id/eprint/262467
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