Antecedents of COVID-19 rumination: A three-wave study

Item Type Journal paper
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has affected nearly every aspect of our lives and has caused a considerable rise in psychological complaints such as anxieties and depression. The majority of studies so far has focused on outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic. To augment current knowledge, we focus on the antecedents of COVID-19 rumination. Specially, we examine how negative and positive work events prior to the outbreak influence individuals' coping capacity with regard to COVID-19 (i.e., the extent to which individuals have recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19). Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), we maintain that positive and negative work events prior to the pandemic can affect one's self-efficacy experiences and in turn can impact recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19. Alongside exploring the proposed theoretical mediation model, we test one of the key assumptions of the COR theory: the notion of primacy of negative over positive affect that results from negative (vs. positive) work events. Three-waved data was collected among Dutch employees (T1 = 302; T2 = 199; T3 = 171); two prior to the pandemic and one at the onset of the outbreak. Results showed that positive work events increased self-efficacy, which in turn reduced COVID-19 rumination. Contrary to the expectation of primacy of the effects of negative work events, we found no significant impact of negative work events on individuals' COVID-19 rumination.
Authors Caniels, Marjolein; Nikolova, Irina; Hatak, Isabella & de Weerd-Nederhof, Petra
Journal or Publication Title Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Language English
Subjects business studies
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
HSG Profile Area Global Center for Entrepreneurship + Innovation
Refereed Yes
Date 9 September 2022
Volume 63
Page Range 476-483
Depositing User Prof. Dr. Isabella Hatak
Date Deposited 23 May 2022 17:14
Last Modified 28 Feb 2023 13:34


[img] Text
Scandinavian J Psychology - 2022 - Cani ls - Antecedents of COVID‐19 rumination A three‐wave study.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (177kB)


Caniels, Marjolein; Nikolova, Irina; Hatak, Isabella & de Weerd-Nederhof, Petra (2022) Antecedents of COVID-19 rumination: A three-wave study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 63 476-483.

Edit item Edit item