Estimation of Power Generation and CO2 Emissions Using Satellite Imagery

Item Type Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Abstract Burning fossil fuels produces large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2), a major Greenhouse Gas (GHG) and a main driver of Climate Change. Quantification of GHG emissions related to power plants is crucial for accurate predictions of climate effects and for achieving a successful energy transition (from fossil-fuel to carbon-free energy). The reporting of such emissions is only required in some countries, resulting in insufficient global coverage. In this work, we propose an end-to-end method to predict power generation rates for fossil fuel power plants from satellite images based on which we estimate GHG emission rates. We present a multitask deep learning approach able to simultaneously predict: (i) the pixel-area covered by plumes from a single satellite image of a power plant, (ii) the type of fired fuel, and (iii) the power generation rate. To ensure physically realistic predictions from our model we account for environmental conditions. We then convert the predicted power generation rate into estimates for the rate at which CO2 is being emitted, using fuel-dependent conversion factors.
Authors Hanna, Joëlle; Mommert, Michael & Borth, Damian
Research Team AIML Lab
Language English
Subjects computer science
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
Date 13 October 2022
Event Title AI4EO Symposium
Event Location Munich
Event Dates 13-14 Oct. 2022
Depositing User Joëlle Hanna
Date Deposited 06 Dec 2022 09:06
Last Modified 06 Dec 2022 09:06
URI: https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/publications/268266

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Hanna, Joëlle; Mommert, Michael & Borth, Damian: Estimation of Power Generation and CO2 Emissions Using Satellite Imagery. 2022. - AI4EO Symposium. - Munich.

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https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/id/eprint/268266
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