University of St.Gallen
research platform alexandria

The Use of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data in Academic Research : A Critical Inventory and Future Potentials

Heiko Bergmann, Susan Müller & Thomas Schrettle

abstract We systematically review all 109 empirical, peer-reviewed journal articles which are based on the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor’s (GEM) adult population survey data. GEM has become a major database for internationally comparative entrepreneurship research because it is unique and allows investigating research questions that could not have been addressed before. Our research objectives are threefold: First, we analyse how researchers currently use GEM data in empirical academic research. To do so we apply an analysing framework that includes data source, level of analysis, variables, methods, measurement schemes, and analytical procedures. Second, we identify best practices and problematic fields of application. Third, we develop suggestions for the future design and use of GEM data. We distinguish between implications for researchers working with existing GEM data and implications for people responsible for the collec-tion of new GEM data, i.e. the national GEM teams and the coordination team.
type journal paper
keywords Global Entrepreneurship Monitor; GEM; entrepreneurial activity; empirical research
language English
kind of paper journal article
date of appearance 2014
journal International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing
publisher Inderscience Enterprises (Genève)
ISSN 1742-5360
ISSN (online) 1742-5379
DOI 10.1504/IJEV.2014.064691
volume of journal 6
number of issue 3
page(s) 242-276
review double-blind review
citation Bergmann, H., Müller, S., & Schrettle, T. (2014). The Use of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data in Academic Research: A Critical Inventory and Future Potentials. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 6(3), 242-276, DOI:10.1504/IJEV.2014.064691.