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Determinants and archetype users of open innovation

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abstract Extant research on open innovation (OI) offers no systematic insight of how and why firms
differ regarding the extent to which they conduct OI activities. Whereas past theoretical
contributions have focused on explaining the externalisation of R&D activities as a result of
firm-external factors, we focus on explaining this externalisation as a result of firm-internal
weaknesses, specifically, impediments to innovation. Using the exploration–exploitation
dichotomy as our theoretical framework, we develop hypotheses on how impediments to
innovation influence the breadth and depth of OI. We then test these hypotheses by using an
exceptionally large and detailed data set to estimate population-averaged panel models. Our
results provide support for most of the hypothesised relationships. Further, they allow to
identify four ‘archetypes’ of firms that differ significantly regarding the breadth and depth of
OI and the importance of impediments. Finally, we discuss the significance of these findings for
both academics and managers.
   
type journal paper
   
keywords R&D, innovation, impediment, open innovation, panel data analysis
   
project New theoretical perspectives for international innovation: Research gaps and the need for intrafirm information
language English
kind of paper journal article
date of appearance 1-8-2009
journal R&D Management
publisher Blackwell
ISSN 0033-6807
volume of journal 30
number of issue 4
page(s) 331-341
review double-blind review
   
citation Keupp, M. M., & Gassmann, O. (2009). Determinants and archetype users of open innovation. R&D Management, 30(4), 331-341.