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Determinants and archetype users of open innovation

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abstract Extant research on open innovation (OI) offers no systematic insight of how and why firms differ regarding the extent to which they conduct OI activities. Whereas past theoretical contributions have focused on explaining the externalisation of R&D activities as a result of firm-external factors, we focus on explaining this externalisation as a result of firm-internal weaknesses, specifically, impediments to innovation. Using the exploration–exploitation dichotomy as our theoretical framework, we develop hypotheses on how impediments to innovation influence the breadth and depth of OI. We then test these hypotheses by using an exceptionally large and detailed data set to estimate population-averaged panel models. Our results provide support for most of the hypothesised relationships. Further, they allow to identify four ‘archetypes’ of firms that differ significantly regarding the breadth and depth of OI and the importance of impediments. Finally, we discuss the significance of these findings for both academics and managers.
   
type journal paper
   
keywords R&D, innovation, impediment, open innovation, panel data analysis
   
language English
kind of paper journal article
date of appearance 1-9-2009
journal R & D Management
publisher Wiley-Blackwell (Oxford)
ISSN 0033-6807
ISSN (online) 1467-9310
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9310.2009.00563.x
volume of journal 39
number of issue 4
page(s) 331-341
review double-blind review
   
citation Keupp, M. M., & Gassmann, O. (2009). Determinants and archetype users of open innovation. R & D Management, 39(4), 331-341, DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9310.2009.00563.x.