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From dualism to complementarity: a systemic concept for the research process

abstract In this paper, dualistic concepts are identified as limitations to scientific progress. A proposal is made for bridging a set of three gaps between polar opposites in order to pave the way towards a more holistic, systemic research practice. The dualistic concepts addressed are explanation vs. understanding, explorations vs. hypothesis testing, and discovery vs. design. If one treats these pairs of concepts not as dichotomies but as complementarities, then a synthesis of the concepts is accomplished. Through the use of directed graph notation, a dynamic view of the research activity emerges, which sheds new light on the process of innovation.
   
type journal paper
   
keywords Research process; Complementarity; Systems Science
   
language English
kind of paper journal article
date of appearance 1-6-2007
journal International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies
publisher Inderscience (UK)
ISSN 1751-0589
volume of journal 1
number of issue 1
page(s) 3-14
review double-blind review
   
citation Schwaninger, M. (2007). From dualism to complementarity: a systemic concept for the research process. International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, 1(1), 3-14.