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The political economy of monetary policy making and central bank design

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There are few areas in which public choice has had as much success in making inroads into mainstream economics and, in particular, in influencing real-life developments as in the design of monetary institutions and the day-to-day conduct of monetary policy. This survey tracks these developments, from the humble beginnings in the 1970s related to Nordhaus’ (1975) account of the opportunistic political business cycle to the widespread academic and political discussion on monetary policy rules and targets of today.2 The next section contains a compact review of the two classical ideas in political macroeconomics, the political business cycle and the inflation bias. We then move on to more modern stochastic models, in which the desire for undistorted stabilization of supply shocks calls for refined remedies to the time-inconsistency problem, such as performance contracts and inflation targets for central banks. The following section moves on to a discussion of current developments that focus on instrument and targeting rules for monetary policy. Finally, we briefly assess these developments.
   
type book chapter (English)
   
keywords
   
book title Readings in Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy
date of appearance 2008
publisher Springer (Heidelberg)
ISBN 0387745742
DOI 10.1007/978-0-387-75870-1_24
page(s) 423-446
citation Gärtner, M. (2008). The political economy of monetary policy making and central bank design. In Readings in Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy (pp. 423-446). Heidelberg: Springer, DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-75870-1_24. - ISBN 0387745742.