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The internationalization-performance relationship at Swiss firms: A test of the S-shape and extreme degrees of internationalization

Winfried Ruigrok, Wolfgang Amman & Hardy Wagner

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abstract - Researchers have recently suggested that on average the relationship between internationalization and performance will be S-shaped. In this study, we test this pattern investigating 87 Swiss multinational companies in manufacturing industries over an 8-year period (1998-2005; n = 696).
- Large Swiss companies cover the full range of internationalization, with many measuring over 90 percent foreign sales-to-total sales. This allows for a unique test of performance levels at very high degrees of internationalization.
   
type article
   
keywords Internationalization, Performance, Switzerland, Extreme Degrees of Internationalization
   
language English
date of appearance 1-3-2007
journal MIR (Management International Review)
publisher Gabler Verlag (Wiesbaden)
ISSN 0025-181X
volume of journal 47
number of issue 3
page(s) 349-369
citation Ruigrok, W., Amman, W., & Wagner, H. (2007). The internationalization-performance relationship at Swiss firms: A test of the S-shape and extreme degrees of internationalization. MIR (Management International Review), 3(47), 349-369.