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Tunejadstvo v SSSR (1961-1991): juridiceskaja teorija i social'naja praktika

abstract Compared with previous phases, the reign of Nikita Khrushchev was for obvious reasons interpreted as a time of relative liberalization of Soviet society and was later given the poetic name "the thaw". During the intensive process of "De-Stalinization" in the year 1961 the Decree "On strengthening the struggle against the persons evading socially useful work and leading a parasitic life" and paragraph 209 of the Soviet Criminal Code, which was adopted on the basis of this decree, were paradoxical. On the basis of this paragraph, persons who for any reason were declared parasites (tuneyadcy) were equated with criminals. The article deals with legal issues and specific application of this law based on the judgments of the Court of the city of Tomsk. Journalistic and propaganda pathos of the legal documents include cultural-anthropological components relevant to the economic, social and psychological elements of the Soviet ideology between 1960 and 1990. In this regard, we would like to highlight several factors that explain the adoption of this law and its application, which was difficult and inconsistent even in the opinion of Soviet jurists.
   
type journal paper
   
keywords Soviet culture and society, cultural history of the soviet law, Refusal to work, sponging
   
project Arbeitsverweigerung (tunejadstvo) in der Sowjetunion 1961-1991
kind of paper journal article
date of appearance 10-7-2011
journal Antropologiceskij Forum
publisher Musej Antropologii i Etnografii (Kunstkamera) Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk- Evropejskij Universitet v St.Peterburge (St.Petersburg)
ISSN 1815-8870
volume of journal 2011
number of issue 14
page(s) 212-229
review not reviewed
   
profile area SHSS - Kulturen, Institutionen, Märkte (KIM)
citation Lastovka, T. (2011). Tunejadstvo v SSSR (1961-1991): juridiceskaja teorija i social'naja praktika. Antropologiceskij Forum, 2011(14), 212-229.