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Are Business School Students' Only Determined by Extrinsic Motivation? : First results of a longitudinal study

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The paper aims to investigate the longitudinal development of students' motivation over the first year of their studies at a business school. The study tackles the following core research questions: How do first-year university students' intrinsic, extrinsic, and task motivation vary over time? Which (motivational) factors are related to students' confidence in academic success? Although motivational dispositions have been analyzed extensively in previous studies, their longitudinal development has hitherto not been examined in the higher education context.

This longitudinal study is conducted at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. The current sample includes 410 first-year students who have already been surveyed twice (out of three survey dates) and who are representative of the first-year student population.

Results show that prior to their studies, students were motivated most by intrinsic factors, however, extrinsic motivation was also quite high. While extrinsic motivation has remained stable over the course of the first semester (4 months), intrinsic motivation, task motivation and self-efficacy have declined significantly. In addition, we found that extrinsic motivation is related to the students' expected study performance.

The study contributes to motivation theory by providing further insights into the development of motivation over time. Furthermore, the study suggests that factors influencing students' motivational development, e.g. positive emotions during learning, should be taken into account when designing courses and study programs in higher education.
   
tipo papier de conférence (English)
   
parole chiave motivation, longitudinal study, latent growth curve modeling
   
progetto Entwicklung von Einstellungen und Motivation der Studierenden im Assessment-Jahr
nome della conferenza International Conference on Motivation 2012 (Frankfurt am Main / Germany)
data della conferenza 28-8-2012
editore dei proceedings International Conference on Motivation: Motivation in all Spheres of Life
pagine 2002
Editore Pabst Science Verlag (Lengerich et al.)
ISBN 978-3-89967-827-3
review double-blind review
   
citation Brahm, T. (2012). Are Business School Students' Only Determined by Extrinsic Motivation?: First results of a longitudinal study. In International Conference on Motivation: Motivation in all Spheres of Life, pp.2002. Lengerich et al.: Pabst Science Verlag. - ISBN 978-3-89967-827-3.