Governance through Real-Time Compliance: The Supranationalisation of European External Energy Policy

Item Type Journal paper

Member States have retained core competences in external energy policy since the beginning of European integration. Even the new ‘energy chapter’ in the Lisbon Treaty safeguards national prerogatives. Contrasting this trend, we show that throughout the past decade this national stronghold has been eroding and replaced by supranational oversight. Reviewing energy-related negotiations of Poland and Lithuania with Russia and new regulation on intergovernmental agreements, we demonstrate how the Commission gained control over Member States’ external energy relations. We explain the expansion of supranational authority with spillover pressures equipping the Commission with new procedural prerogatives. Central to this development was the institutionalisation a novel supranational instrument we call ‘real-time compliance’. The term denotes the prompt application of soft and coercive means, ensuring compliance of energy agreements between Member States and third countries with EU rules. This expansion of supranational powers through procedural competences has implications for debates on European energy policy and European integration.

Authors Thaler, Philipp & Pakalkaite, Vija
Journal or Publication Title Journal of European Public Policy
Language English
Keywords Energy policy, European Commission, European integration, external governance, intergovernmental agreements, Russia
Subjects political science
HSG Classification contribution to scientific community
Refereed Yes
Date 2021
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Volume 28
Number 2
Page Range 208-228
ISSN 1350-1763
Publisher DOI 10.1080/13501763.2020.1712462
Official URL
Contact Email Address
Depositing User PhD Philipp Thaler
Date Deposited 23 Jan 2020 08:42
Last Modified 12 Mar 2021 15:28


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Thaler, Philipp & Pakalkaite, Vija (2021) Governance through Real-Time Compliance: The Supranationalisation of European External Energy Policy. Journal of European Public Policy, 28 (2). 208-228. ISSN 1350-1763

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