Now showing 1 - 10 of 18
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The Role of Design Patterns in the Development and Legal Assessment of Lawful Technologies

2022-10-20 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Li, Mahei Manhai , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Novel technologies such as smart personal assistants integrate digital services into everyday life. These services use personal data to offer personalized services. While they are subject to special data protection regulations at the time of development, there are few guidelines describing the transition from legal requirements to implementation. To reduce risks, services depend on external legal assessments. With developers and legal experts often missing either legal or technical knowledge, the challenge lies in bridging this gap. We observe that design patterns support both developers and legal experts, and we present an approach in which design patterns are leveraged to provide twofold value for both developers and legal experts when dealing with novel technologies. We conducted a revelatory case study for smart personal assistants and scaffolded the case interpretation through cognitive fit theory. On the basis of the findings, we develop a theoretical model to explain and predict the twofold value of design patterns to develop and assess lawful technologies.

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Interdisziplinäre Anforderungsmuster für smarte persönliche Assistenten - Mittel zu Erfassung divergenter Anforderungen aus Informatik und Recht

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Roßnagel, Alexander , Leimeister, Jan Marco

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Conceptualizing Design Knowledge in IS Research – A Review and Taxonomy of Design Knowledge Properties

2022-01-07 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Design science projects are of great interest in information systems (IS) research. Typically, design-oriented projects generate valuable design knowledge through the design and possible instantiation of artifacts. Although designing novel artifacts and accumulating design knowledge is common practice in IS, there is still limited shared knowledge about the distinctive characteristics of design knowledge to facilitate its accumulation. To address this issue, we develop a design knowledge taxonomy and contribute to a deeper understanding of design knowledge properties. The taxonomy is grounded on a systematic literature review, followed by a combination of empirical-to-conceptual and conceptual-to-empirical iterations. We evaluate the taxonomy by interviewing six domain experts and demonstrate its practical application and utility. Thus, the taxonomy consists of key dimensions and characteristics of design knowledge and contributes to a better scientific understanding of its characteristics. Practitioners can use the taxonomy as an instrument to further understand, design, and accumulate design knowledge.

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Codifying Interdisciplinary Design Knowledge through Patterns – The Case of Smart Personal Assistants

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Smart personal assistants (SPAs) are proliferating into our daily lives and are a ubiquitous platform for providing digital services. However, when de-signing such innovative IT artifacts, interdisciplinary domain knowledge is of-ten needed. For example, SPAs utilize a plethora of sensors and cloud-based computation of data to deliver high-quality services, but those services, for ex-ample, may conflict with current regulations of law, e.g., with the Data Protec-tion Regulation (GDPR) in Europe. In that sense, approaches are needed to overcome the limited domain knowledge of developers. Thus, we propose in our study a pattern-based approach to codify interdisciplinary design knowledge. For this purpose, we derive theory-motivated requirements, develop design principles for patterns, and evaluate the utility of the patterns. Our re-sults from a 2x2 fully randomized field study show that the provision of pat-terns for SPA development supports interdisciplinary design through better con-sideration of both service quality and law compatibility. Thus, we provide de-sign contributions concerning how we effectively codify and communicate de-sign knowledge and provide practical guidance for supporting interdisciplinary IS development.

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Unterstützung digitaler Bildungsprozesse durch interaktive gamifizierte Lernvideos - Wie innovative Lernvideos Motivation und Lernerfolg steigern können

2021-10-11 , Weinert, Tim , Benner, Dennis , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Schöbel, Sofia , Leimeister, Jan Marco

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Die Simulationsstudie als Evaluationsmethode - Interdisziplinäre Evaluation eines smarten persönlichen Assistenten

2020 , Thies, Laura Friederike , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Roßnagel, Alexander , Leimeister, Jan Marco , Söllner, Matthias

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Entwurfsmuster für die interdisziplinäre Gestaltung rechtsverträglicher Systeme

2022-04-06 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Thies, Laura Friederike , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco , Söllner, Matthias , Friedewald, Michael , Kreutzer, Michael , Hansen, Marit

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Wie können Systeme künstlicher Intelligenz ohne Qualitätsverlust rechtsverträglich gestaltet werden?

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

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Analyzing Design Knowledge Representation in Design Science Research and Deriving Recommendations to Support Design Knowledge Codification

2022 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

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Developing Lawful Technologies – A Revelatory Case Study on Design Patterns

2021 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Li, Mahei , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Higher legal standards regarding the data protection of individuals, such as the European General Data Protection Regulation, increase the pressure on developing lawful systems. In the development of technologies, not only developers are involved. It also requires knowledge from other stakeholders, such as legal experts, that lack technical knowledge but are required to understand IT artifacts. We see two strings that can benefit from the use of design patterns: first, the well-known use of design patterns to support developers in case of recurring problems. Second, we see potential that legal experts, who have to interact with and understand complicated, novel technologies, benefit from the same patterns. We conduct a revelatory case study using design patterns to develop and assess a smart learning assistant. We scaffolded the case interpretation through the human-centered view of socio-materiality and provide contributions concerning the use of design patterns in the development and assessment of lawful technologies.