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Sharing Design Knowledge Through Codification in Interdisciplinary DSR Collaborations

2023-01-06 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Hevner, Alan , Leimeister, Jan Marco

The goals of design science research (DSR) projects are to generate novel and useful artifacts and to produce rigorous and generalizable design knowledge. Often, DSR projects are conducted in collaborative, interdisciplinary project teams. Different disciplinary approaches to codifying design knowledge result in challenging project interactions. To study this situation, we analyze design knowledge codification in interdisciplinary teams over time. We gain insights from a survey of recent DSR papers that have been published in the AIS Senior Scholars’ Basket. We then present a detailed case study of a longitudinal project that brought to light issues of sharing design knowledge across disciplinary borders. Drawing from the survey and case study, we provide actionable guidance on how to effectively codify and share design knowledge to support researchers and practitioners to build useful artifacts and to make interdisciplinary design knowledge contributions reusable and applicable.

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Entwurfsmuster für die interdisziplinäre Gestaltung rechtsverträglicher Systeme

2022-04-06 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Thies, Laura Friederike , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco , Söllner, Matthias , Friedewald, Michael , Kreutzer, Michael , Hansen, Marit

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Judging Alexa - Towards a New Methodology to Capture the Legal Compatibility of Conversational Speech Agents

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Thies, Laura Friederike , Janson, Andreas , Roßnagel, Alexander , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Higher legal standards with regards to data protection of individuals such as EU-GDPR are increasing the pressure on developers of IT artifacts. This is especially prevalent when considering conversational speech agents (CSA) that are collecting data in new ways, and thus, are oftentimes producing conflicts with existing law regulations. For this purpose, we introduce the law simulation method which is a well-known evaluation method among law researchers for capturing legal compatibility of IT artifacts such as CSA. With this rigorous method, we are able to derive actionable guidance for CSA developers to evaluate developer efforts for increasing legal compatibility. To illustrate our methodological approach, we describe in this workshop paper key steps of the method with respect to the evaluation of CSA. We discuss how this can serve as the foundation for a new evaluation method of legally compatible systems in information systems.

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Analyzing Design Knowledge Representation in Design Science Research and Deriving Recommendations to Support Design Knowledge Codification

2022 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

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Developing Lawful Technologies – A Revelatory Case Study on Design Patterns

2021 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Li, Mahei , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Higher legal standards regarding the data protection of individuals, such as the European General Data Protection Regulation, increase the pressure on developing lawful systems. In the development of technologies, not only developers are involved. It also requires knowledge from other stakeholders, such as legal experts, that lack technical knowledge but are required to understand IT artifacts. We see two strings that can benefit from the use of design patterns: first, the well-known use of design patterns to support developers in case of recurring problems. Second, we see potential that legal experts, who have to interact with and understand complicated, novel technologies, benefit from the same patterns. We conduct a revelatory case study using design patterns to develop and assess a smart learning assistant. We scaffolded the case interpretation through the human-centered view of socio-materiality and provide contributions concerning the use of design patterns in the development and assessment of lawful technologies.

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Towards a New Methodology to Capture the Legal Compatibility of Conversational Speech Agents

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Thies, Laura Friederike , Janson, Andreas , Roßnagel, Alexander , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Higher legal standards with regards to the data protection of individuals such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU-GDPR) are increasing the pressure on developers of IT artifacts. This is especially prevalent when considering conversational speech agents (CSA), which are collecting data in new ways and thus are oftentimes producing conflicts with existing law regulations. For this purpose, we introduce the law simulation method, which is a well-known evaluation method among law researchers for capturing the legal compatibility of IT artifacts such as CSA. With this rigorous method, we are able to derive actionable guidance for CSA developers to evaluate developer efforts for increasing legal compatibility. To illustrate our methodological approach, we describe in this paper key steps of the method with respect to the evaluation of CSA. We briefly discuss how this procedure can serve as the foundation for a new evaluation method of legally compatible systems in information systems.

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Conceptualizing Design Knowledge in IS Research – A Review and Taxonomy of Design Knowledge Properties

2022-01-07 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Design science projects are of great interest in information systems (IS) research. Typically, design-oriented projects generate valuable design knowledge through the design and possible instantiation of artifacts. Although designing novel artifacts and accumulating design knowledge is common practice in IS, there is still limited shared knowledge about the distinctive characteristics of design knowledge to facilitate its accumulation. To address this issue, we develop a design knowledge taxonomy and contribute to a deeper understanding of design knowledge properties. The taxonomy is grounded on a systematic literature review, followed by a combination of empirical-to-conceptual and conceptual-to-empirical iterations. We evaluate the taxonomy by interviewing six domain experts and demonstrate its practical application and utility. Thus, the taxonomy consists of key dimensions and characteristics of design knowledge and contributes to a better scientific understanding of its characteristics. Practitioners can use the taxonomy as an instrument to further understand, design, and accumulate design knowledge.

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Codifying Interdisciplinary Design Knowledge through Patterns – The Case of Smart Personal Assistants

2020 , Dickhaut, Ernestine , Janson, Andreas , Leimeister, Jan Marco

Smart personal assistants (SPAs) are proliferating into our daily lives and are a ubiquitous platform for providing digital services. However, when de-signing such innovative IT artifacts, interdisciplinary domain knowledge is of-ten needed. For example, SPAs utilize a plethora of sensors and cloud-based computation of data to deliver high-quality services, but those services, for ex-ample, may conflict with current regulations of law, e.g., with the Data Protec-tion Regulation (GDPR) in Europe. In that sense, approaches are needed to overcome the limited domain knowledge of developers. Thus, we propose in our study a pattern-based approach to codify interdisciplinary design knowledge. For this purpose, we derive theory-motivated requirements, develop design principles for patterns, and evaluate the utility of the patterns. Our re-sults from a 2x2 fully randomized field study show that the provision of pat-terns for SPA development supports interdisciplinary design through better con-sideration of both service quality and law compatibility. Thus, we provide de-sign contributions concerning how we effectively codify and communicate de-sign knowledge and provide practical guidance for supporting interdisciplinary IS development.