With costs for solar photovoltaic modules having declined by the factor of five and for the solar systems by the factor of three from 2008 to 2012 (IEA, 2014), a technology that used to be far more expensive than other forms of electricity has finally become a serious competitor to conventional power generation. However, the contribution of the solar energy to the electricity mix remains marginal in most countries of the world. This paper aims to identify crucial factors for the diffusion of solar photovoltaic installations based on the cross-case study analysis of the German, Italian and Swiss solar photovoltaic markets.
This paper discusses the concept of path dependence and the example of path dependence in Belarusian energy governance. Energy governance is made of interdependencies between different institutions, businesses, and people with different historical and cultural background. In order to show how path dependency can be created and how it can impact energy governance this paper focuses on different institutions forming energy governance in the case of Belarus. New institutionalism serves as a theoretical framework for the analysis.
Case study methodology is employed. Two cases of investment projects are analysed based on qualitative data from interviews with representatives of institutions that impact project implementation in Belarus.